Location of the official cultural programme: Projects took place inside Copenhagen city boundaries, in suburbs immediately surrounding the city, in municipalities and the broader region surrounding the city and elsewhere in the country.
Start of official programme: 01/01/96 End of official programme: 31/12/96
Time to plan the official cultural programme: 4 years.
Season with greatest concentration of events: Summer.
Specific themes/orientations: The programme published for 1996 had themes for each season:
Spring with 'the historic city', 'the Nordic', 'the twentieth century'; Summer with 'the green city' and 'the global'; Autumn with 'the future', 'the new Europe', 'youth'.
In programme development, the Secretariat structured the programme around three main fields of action: Arts programme, City programme and Community programme.
Specific criteria for project selection: Yes, included the quality of the project, its cost, experience of organisers, relevance of project to aims/themes and location of project.
Consultation developing and selecting projects: Yes. Who was consulted: A large number of politicians, municipal authorities, cultural organisations and artists, community organisations and social services.
Cultural sectors within programme: Theatre - dance - opera - visual arts - film - literature - architecture - design/fashion - crafts (classical/traditional - contemporary/modern). Music (classical/traditional - contemporary/modern - pop/rock - jazz - folk - world). Heritage/history - archives/libraries - new media/IT - television - street festivals/parades - interdisciplinary.
Most prominent sectors: Architecture - theatre - interdisciplinary projects - visual arts - music.
Profitable, commercially-backed projects within official programme: Yes.
Categories of specially targeted projects for: Children - young people - schools - elderly people - minorities - European projects - international projects.
Projects that illustrate the range of the programme:
• The Ferry Kronborg – cultural centre for the Capital of Culture, either moored in Copenhagen or touring Baltic cities. The centre attracted 400.000 visitors and 43 projects.
• Ballerup Network – a collaboration between a local authority and series of independent projects, with initiatives for ecological renovation, construction and education in the area.
• The Line, The Light – celebrating 50 years since end of World War Two, a series of commissioned art works along the coast of Jutland connected by a laser beam.
• ArtGenda – a bi-annual project for young artists around the Baltic Sea, with 800 participants.
• Summer Stage – performing arts festival in Copenhagen organised by the Secretariat.
• Dancing City – the Secretariat gave support to an existing international dance festival to secure a high-quality international programme in 1994 and 1996.
• 96 Churches – a musical project that linked churches across the Copenhagen region.
• Opera Nord – a production in a renovated outdoor dry dock, featuring 60 participants from northern Europe.
• Giant sand sculpture – ten metre high sand sculpture made by 30 European artists on the beach in front of the Arken museum of modern art.
• Islam – three major inter-related exhibitions on the reigion and culture of Islam
Projects that attracted the most interest/attention from the public:
• Japanese Fireworks – seen by 33% of the region’s population.
• Container 96 – 110 artists from 96 other ports around the world filled containers with images and symbols of their cities, which were then displayed on part of the harbour.
• Cutty Sark Tall Ships’ Race – over 100 sailing ships finished the race in Copenhagen harbour, with open workshops, food and entertainment along the quayside.
• Opening event – concerts, events and dinners in the city, with 80.000 visitors.
• Images of Africa – multidisciplinary festival of African culture, the largest project in Copenhagen 96, with music, theatre, exhibitions, storytelling, seminars, educational courses, film, markets and workshops.
Means/methods used to develop the creative talents of local artists/cultural managers: Commissioning of new works - local and/or national residencies/exchanges/visits - international residencies/exchanges/visits.
Number of published works in relation to the cultural programme paid for or supported by Copenhagen 96: 200 (estimate).
Percentage estimate of "professional" projects as opposed to "community/amateur" projects: 70%.
Specially created projects not in official programme: Yes.
Problems and issues related to the official cultural programme: Relationship problems with major/national cultural institutions - financial problems - too many interest groups/stakeholders to serve.
Source: European Cities and Capitals of Culture - City Reports Study Prepared for the European Commission PART II, written by Palmer/Rae Associates, International Cultural Advisors